Bullying – Causes, Types and Methods of Treatment
- The phenomenon of bullying has recently become widespread.
- It is almost everywhere; on the street, at school or university, at home, or even at work!
- There have been many types of bullying, such as:
political bullying, electronic bullying, religious bullying and sectarian bullying.
What is bullying?
- Bullying is a form of violence, abuse and harassment committed by an individual or a group against another individual or group.
Forms of bullying
Bullying is divided into three main forms:
- Verbal bullying that includes teasing, ridicule, provocation, inappropriate comments and threats
- Physical bullying that includes practice of violence, beating, slapping, stabbing and others.
- Emotional bullying that includes embarrassment and spreading rumors.
Causes of bullying
- Bullies usually suffer from a personality disorder and lack of self-esteem.
- Bullies are the outcome of a violent and ignorant environment that lacks any kind of values.
- Bullies may also suffer from depression or other psychological diseases.
Consequences of bullying
- Bullying causes long-term psychological, emotional and behavioral problems to the victim.
- Victims of bullying usually abandon and withdraw from any social activities.
- A victim of bullying may commit suicide, according to some studies.
- Bullying may lead to inability to sleep, heavy sleep, headache, or stomach ache.
- A victim of bullying may turn into a bully, himself, over time.
Treatment of bullying
- To admit existence of the problem.
- To develop plans and visions for addressing it.
- To mobilize society’s educational institutions to deal with the problem.
- To launch campaigns for spreading awareness of the problem and ways to deal with it.
- To address both the offender and the victim of bullying altogether.